Technological Process Date of 1st Application Technique Employed Base Material Used Products Obtained Advantages / Disadvantages
Hydrolysis of Animal Proteins Mid XIX Century Use of strong acids to breakdown proteins into peptides and amino acids Slaughter house waste
Milk industry subproducts
Peptides and amino acids
High content of impurities due to acids used
Limited used
Rudimentary technology
Enzymatic Hidrolysis of Animal and Vegetable Proteins The decade of 1970 Disintegration of proteins via enzyme activity Vegetable residues
Vegetable proteins
Peptides and amino acid derivatives
Difficult control of the process and its products
Relatively inexpensive
Danger of alterations within the cell
Synthesis via Genetically Altered Micro Organism Culture 1960 Activation of micro-organisms capable of synthesizing amino acids Genetically manipulated micro-organism:
- Brevibacterium
- Corinobacterium
Only nine amino acids obtained
Difficult elimination of toxins in the cultivation broth
Inexpensive amino acids for animal feed
Not suitable for agriculture or medicine
Chemical Synthesis 1850 (A. Strecker 1956) Chemical Reactions.
Bonding of elements
Diverse chemical compounds Pure amino acids not biologically active in small quantities, very expensive Use for chromatography reference
High cost precludes other uses
Biologically Engineered 1982
INAGROSA process
Cellular bio-synthetic routes
Solid state chemistry
HPLC chromatography
Piruvates. Similar to those used in cellular pre-synthesis All the fundamental amino acids, pure and biologically active
Oligo peptides similar to Cellular Transcription Factors
High purity, biologically active and stable
Universal application in medicine, agriculture, cosmetics,etc...
Competitive price